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Writing about centuries and decades in academic writing

9th June 2020 blog

Centuries and decades are tricky beasts. Style guides have conflicting rules, and depending on the context, additional punctuation may be necessary. Cheat sheet No time to read? Here’s the short version: A phrase like 19th century is often misunderstood because it actually refers to the 100 years preceding the year…

Cheat sheet: Verb tenses in academic writing

9th June 2020 blog

Cheat sheet No time to read? Here’s the short version: Give preference to the present simple, past simple, and present perfect tenses in academic writing. Different sections of your paper will require different tenses. Only change the tense if the timing of the action changes, that is, if two events…

Verb tenses in academic writing – by section

9th June 2020 blog

Academic papers are written mostly in the present simple, past simple, and present perfect tenses, which are covered in our overview of verb tenses. This article offers general guidelines on which verb tenses to use in each section of a thesis, dissertation, or research paper. Note that there may be…

How to use hyphens in academic writing

9th June 2020 blog

Cheat sheet No time to read? Here’s the short version: Hyphens are punctuation marks used to link multiple words. Use a hyphen to join words together to avoid ambiguity. Use a hyphen when two or more words act as a single adjective before a noun. Hyphenate spelled-out numbers between 21…